Saturday, August 22, 2020
Biodiversity of Coastal and Exposed Shores - Assignment Example (DETR, 2001). In a perfect world, we ought to have the option to screen the organic status of all UK biodiversity and how it is evolving (for example environment bolster capacities, for example, contamination buffering, flood decrease, environmental change reactions), with center around need species and living spaces. This paper tries to react to the inquiry: How should one approach structuring the measurable investigation of biodiversity in the event that it must be done across scales in reality The reasonable premise of the plan is the meaning of biodiversity as a convolution of two network segments. One of the segments is lavishness, the result of species development, and the other structure, the outcome of natural arranging (biotic, physical). The technique for decision takes data in the way of recurrence disseminations, and disintegrates the related all out assorted variety into added substance parts explicit to the considered arranging factors. Assorted variety amounts are provided by the examination by which the overall significance of arranging components can be estimated and the dynamic motions which they create in decent variety can be followed. It is significant for this to system considers both the current circumstance and future research needs. Our current checking capacities might be constrained not from a logical perspective however through poor coordination and utilization of existing assets. The Strategy intends to distinguish territories where improved coordination is required, just as organizing new research. Strategy and Planning: For the starter arranging process, I directed the tests on the center shore, i.e., 6/12ths, where this position was utilized on account of both the uncovered and shielded shores. Additionally, a leveling method was utilized so as to find the center position. Further, irregular choice was directed with the gathered examples utilizing a quadrat. When the center situations on each shore were found, 30 examples were separated from each position. With the assistance of two estimating tapes - one vertically and one on a level plane (like a x and y hub), an arbitrary numbers table was utilized to pick a few numbers with two numbers for each example making a sum of 60 numbers for 30 examples. After this, the two numbers (organizes x and y), were utilized to discover the x facilitates on the vertical estimating tape and the y arranges on the flat estimating tape. This served to at long last focus in on a situation from where the specialist could separate examples. A note on the style that has been followed all through this paper - I have followed the APA style with regards to the most straightforward one with the end goal of our exploration and basic introduction. Examination and Implementation: Over the span of this undertaking, I went on the suspicion that the species will show greater assorted variety on the protected shore while the uncovered shore will have less populace thickness attributable to brutal climate conditions. As needs be, I have utilized the accompanying advances: Studying the Rocky shore Since the tide ascends and down two times every day things at the highest point of the shore get significantly less water than things at the base. This offers ascend to an exceptionally huge number of various methods of enduring
Suggested and Express terms (contract) - Essay Example In such circumstances the idea of what are inferred terms comes into the image. Suggested terms could be a condition, a guarantee or an innominate term and itÃ¢â¬â¢s on just by knowing the impact of every, that we could decide the differentiation of one from the other. The court, on account of Hong Kong Fir v Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha  2 QB 26, got the opportunity to make a qualification among a condition, guarantee and an innominate term. In said case, the accompanying definitions were settled: At the point when a condition is penetrated the harmed party has the option to sue for harms and furthermore to end the agreement. A break of guarantee just offers ascend to one side to sue for harms. At the point when an innominate term is penetrated the legitimate outcomes of the break rely on its verifiable results for example there is an option to end the agreement, notwithstanding suing for harms, just if the penetrate of an innominate term is, for example, to deny the harmed party of generously all the advantage which he was proposed to get from the agreement. In the event that a term is dependent upon various understanding, at that point there is adaptability in any case there is conviction. With regards to how it makes a strain is on the outcome of various understandings. Involved with an agreement, for instance, accepts a term to be condition however when the court will decipher else, it will truly make a strain as to him since that would deny him the option to end the agreement. an or exanmplke iif one entitles meFF Since in innominate terms there could be either the option to sue for harms or both the said right and option to end the agreement, at that point a pressure could likewise be made by the vulnerability of adaptability of the choice relying upon how the courts acknowledges the realities of the cases and encompassing conditions and how it will apply the standard on suggested footing. With regards to why, the court stated: Ã¢â¬ËTerms suggested in certainty are
Friday, August 21, 2020
Visual Literacy in Business - Essay Example When assembling a correspondence piece using visuals, there are significant strides to follow. The initial step is arranging the information to introduce. There are two central prospects in the association of information, and they are diagrams and tables. Neither of these conceivable outcomes is better than the other however every ha its particular purposes and qualities. The most significant point to consider before initiating the way toward planning is the central matter of the introduction. The subsequent advance is featuring the information. When structuring the outlines, review that the human mind instinctively perceives the distinctions in size, shape, shading, direction, and tone and append specific implications to them (Apkon, 2013). The visual properties are known as pre-mindful factors since the way toward seeing them is quick and programmed and needn't bother with the contribution of cognizant idea. The planner should utilize this information with the end goal of purposefu lly featuring the most significant data. The third and last advance is indicating the information. It is imperative to show just the substance that is important and leave the things that are superfluous. It isn't prudent to design the information since it might prevent and divert the crowd from seeing what is insignificant and what is significant (Apkon, 2013). Inability to follow these means will prompt diverting the crowd who won't comprehend the primary concern of introducing the visual correspondence
1. What is a Ã¢â¬Å"argumentÃ¢â¬ in reasoning? A lot of cases one of which, called the end, is supposed to be upheld by different cases, called the premises. 1. Reason 2. Reason 3. End 2. What do the terms Ã¢â¬Å"validÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"soundÃ¢â¬ mean? Substantial Argument If the premises are valid, at that point it follows essentially that the end is valid, or it is legitimately inconceivable for the end to be bogus. Sound Argument A substantial contention that contains just evident premises. Adequacy = Truth + Validity. 3. Sketch the Ã¢â¬Å"benefits argumentsÃ¢â¬ for reaping BabyÃ¢â¬â¢s TheresaÃ¢â¬â¢s organs. Set out the premises and end for Ã¢â¬Å"Benefits ArgumentÃ¢â¬ in the Baby Theresa case. The Benefits Argument 1. On the off chance that we can profit somebody without hurting any other person, we should do as such. 2. Transplanting the organs would profit different kids without hurting Baby Theresa. 3. Accordingly, we should transplant her organs. The Argument That We ought Not Use People As Means 1. On the off chance that we use somebody just as a methods, we accomplish something that is ethically off-base. 2. Taking TheresaÃ¢â¬â¢s organs would utilize her just as a meas to profit other kids. 3. There fore, it would be ethically off-base to take TheresaÃ¢â¬â¢s organs. 4. Sketch the Ã¢â¬Å"we ought not utilize individuals as meansÃ¢â¬ contention against gathering Baby TheresaÃ¢â¬â¢s organs. Set out the premises and end for Ã¢â¬Å"The Wrongfulness of Killing ArgumentÃ¢â¬ in the Baby Theresa case. The Argument From the Wrongfulness of Killing 1. In the event that we collected TheresaÃ¢â¬â¢s organs, at that point we would be executing one blameless individual to spare another. 2. We ought not murder one blameless individual to spare another. 3. In this way, in the event that we ought not gather TheresaÃ¢â¬â¢s organs. RachelÃ¢â¬â¢s Assessment *The forbiddance against executing is solid, however a great many people don't think it outright. Infant Theresa is (1) going to kick the bucket soon at any rate, (2) not cognizant, and (3) her organs could help spare a few other youngsters. Rachels expresses that we may even view Baby Theresa as Ã¢â¬Å"born deadÃ¢â¬ . 5. Sketch the Ã¢â¬Å"Slippery Slope ArgumentÃ¢â¬ against killing Tracy Latimer. On the off chance that one awful thing occurs, at that point others will trail. 1. On the off chance that we grant any kind of benevolence slaughtering, we will have ventured onto a risky Ã¢â¬Å"slippery slopeÃ¢â¬ down which we will unavoidably slide. 2. The kindness executing of Tracy was allowable. 3. Thus, we have ventured onto a risky elusive slant (which will prompt the view that all life is modest). Complaint: Are the causal cases bolstered by any proof? When all is said in done, it is anything but difficult to make critical expectations concerning what's to come. Think about a relationship: Would gay marriage lead to the crumbling of the family? 6. What does RachelsÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"minimum origination of moralityÃ¢â¬ comprise of? Ethical quality is, in any event, the push to direct oneÃ¢â¬â¢s lead by reason-while giving equivalent load to the interests of every individual influenced by oneÃ¢â¬â¢s choice. Reason and fairness comprise stuff 7. What are five regular highlights of Cultural Relativism? 1. Various social orders have distinctive good codes. 2. (a) The Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ is controlled by society; (b) a demonstration is Ã¢â¬Å"rightÃ¢â¬ in the event that it is permitted by the managing standards od the general public where it is performed, and Ã¢â¬Å"wrongÃ¢â¬ on the off chance that it taboo by those goals. 3. There is no target standard that can be utilized to pass judgment on one societyÃ¢â¬â¢s code as better than an otherÃ¢â¬â¢s. 4. The ethical code of our general public has no extraordinary status. 5. We ought to receive a mentality to resilience. 8. What is the Ã¢â¬Å"Cultural DifferencesÃ¢â¬ contention for Cultural Relativism? Does Rachels think it is sound? he thinks it is unsound, 9. In the event that Cultural Relativism is valid, at that point some odd ramifications for moral hypothesis follow. What right? 10. Does Rachels hold that there are some ethical principles that all social orders share practically speaking? 11. What are the three customary perfect qualities of monotheism? 12. What is the distinction between Ã¢â¬Å"theismÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"atheismÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"agnosticismÃ¢â¬ ? 13. What is the Ã¢â¬Å"problem of evilÃ¢â¬ ? 14. What is the Divine Command hypothesis? 15. What is SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢s question in the Euthyphro? How can it shoulder on the Divine Command Theory? 16. What are a portion of the principle components of Natural Law Theory? 17. Mention a few criticisms regarding Natural Law Theory. 18. What is Ethical Egoism and how can it vary from Psychological Egoism? 19. Characterize Ã¢â¬Å"altruismÃ¢â¬ . For what reason does the Psychological Egoist hold that philanthropy is preposterous? 20. Some article that Ayn RandÃ¢â¬â¢s contention for Ethical Egoism presents us with a Ã¢â¬Å"false dichotomyÃ¢â¬ . Clarify. 21. Why doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t Rachels think Ethical Egoism is a reasonable impression of sound judgment profound quality? 22. What is the Principle Equal Treatment? How can it identify with Ethical Egoism? *There will be some extra-credit questions relating to material talked about in address.
Thursday, July 2, 2020
A Doll's House from a Sociological Criticism (Essay Sample) Content: StudentÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s name: Instructor: Course: Date: A DollÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s House from a Sociological Criticism Literary criticism plays an important function in the interpretation of a text. Typically, various approaches are utilized in such a process including formalism, reader-response and sociological to name but a few. Usually, these methods take different routes in the interpretation depending on the chosen style. As a result, literary criticism completed using a sociological approach will be different from one done in biographical or feminism criticisms. While some of these approaches focus primarily on the content, others connect the authorÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s life with a story. Still, others focus mainly on the historical context of the story and correlate it with the authorÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s assertions. For this paper, sociological criticism will be utilized in the interpretation of Henrik IbsenÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s A DollÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s House play. Usually, a sociological criticism correlates a manÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s relationships with othersÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ in society, busines s, politics and religion. An important component of sociological criticism is the analysis of the relationship existing between characters in a story and their society (Pederson 211). In the first scene of the play, a couple of issues come out including how the characters behave in the society. For instance, Nora is Torvald HelmerÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s wife with a secret related to a loan. Kristine Linde is NoraÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s former schoolmate struggling with life as a result of her husbandÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s demise. Krogstad seems to be a man struggling with life and is on the verge of losing his job at the bank where Torvald is a manager. Ironically, Krogstad knows about NoraÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s crime of forgetting her fatherÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s signature to acquire the loan (Ibsen and Haldeman-Julius 15). From this scene, one can realize that the man at the center of the episode is Torvald Helmer since all the characters in the scene are connected to him. Another important component of sociological criticism is that it analyzes how a story addresses societal issues including gender, class and race. In this story, these issues are addressed. For instance, it seems that the female gender revered men evidenced by NoraÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s anxiety to reveal she took a loan. Also, men appeared to have negative perceptions toward women as evidenced by TorvaldÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s treatment of Nora. Upon arriving home from shopping, Torvald accuses Nora or being a spendthrift. Worse still, Torvald goes on to use other demeaning words such as Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"singing larkÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢, Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"songbirdÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ little squirrelÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ and even Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"a dollÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ (Ibsen and Haldeman-Julius 18). Moreover, the mistreatment of women was not limited to Torvald. Prior to getting married to Torvald, Nora endured similar treatment from her father who "played with me just as I used to play with my dolls" ( 20). Social class is distinct as well and confirmed by the authorÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s revelation that Krogstad is a low-level employee of the bank. Additionally, it is upheld in another case where it is revealed that Mrs. Linde was once in love with Krogstad. Apparently, Mrs. Linde left Krogstad ostensibly for a richer man who would support her (Ibsen and Haldeman-Julius 35). The economy is one of the social forces evident in this play and affects people differently. For instance, because Torvald is economically stable, Krogstad has to beg Nora to be reinstated in his position. Similarly, since Nora engaged in a forgery activity, she has to endure KrogstadÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s blackmail instead of being transparent with the husband. Additionally, the microcosm is a clear reflection of the macrocosm in various ways. For instance, the small world existing between these parties is one that relationships are suffering because of poor communication. By the same token, some parties such as Krogstad and Linde are struggling financially. It is the same with the macrocosm- the larger world- where people outside the play could be struggling with similar issues. Dr. RankÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s condition that eventually leads to his death is a clear indication of incurable diseases both in the microcosm and macrocosm. Evidently, there is Marxism in this story whereby the people seen as having money seem to control those with little. A case in point is when Torvald keeps criticizing Nora for a perceived blatant overspending (Ibsen and Haldeman-Julius 28). Also, it is present in a scenario where Mrs. Linde is offered job by Torvald upon her request for the same. In this case, Torvald decides on Mrs. LindeÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s fate the same way capitalism determines how low income-earning people live. Another case of capitalism entails NoraÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s decision to borrow money secretly to pay for the husbandÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s sickness. Apparently, the decision to keep this information secretive was because Nora knew the husbandÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s pride and ego could be hurt. Also, sociological criticism also addresses how characters respond to the various types of government (Gaus 22). Some of these government styles include democracy, socialism, fascism, communism, and dictatorship. Predominantly, the play depicts a dictatorial type of government. For instance, Torvald is a dictatorial husband who hardly listens to anyone challenging his decisions. One tendency evident in a dictatorial government is a refusal to accept a varied opinion (Geenens 80). Despite passionate pleas from Nora not to fire Krogstad, Torvald eventually goes ahead with the decision. Another common attribute of a dictatorial regime is suppression of subordinates. Torvald views both Nora and Krogstad as juniors and thus their opinions and positi...
Tuesday, June 30, 2020
When it comes to the evaluation of the significance of the Civil War, many tend to put emphasis on the relationship between the races as well as the desire of one party, the Confederacy, to maintain the preferred social order, namely slavery. However, there is another kind of relations that is often overlooked when it comes to the analysis of this armed conflict gender relationships. While many believe that the war in question was fought by men against men, the contribution of women tends to be in the shadow and is perceived as less significant. This is a serious historical injustice since when all aspects of that time are taken into account, one will be able to notice that women contributed to the war effort from both sides significantly. During the Civil War women provided war relief, served as nurses, soldiers, and even spies which makes them an inseparable part of that armed conflict. Women Providing War Relief To begin with, it is worth focusing on the place that women traditionally occupied in the society in the eighteenth century. Being deprived of a chance to get education, they usually worked as manual workers and were employed at jobs of varying difficulty. It is obvious that wives of upper-class men did not work, but the important point to be mentioned here is that the division of labor was largely performed based on stereotypical gender characteristics. As a result, during the Civil War women would often make a contribution that they did during the peaceful times, but on a larger scale: they would cook food, repair clothes, take care of the laundry and so on. No matter how insignificant one might see this, this kind of war effort was essential for keeping an army operational. That is why there is a lot ofinjustice in the fact that this contribution of women has been overlooked by many. In addition to that, there were also activities that contributed to the war efforts and were not considered to be a stereotypical womens work. A good example is Sanitary Fair which was hosted in Chicago in 1863: this was an event that was designed to raise money for the army. One should point out that at the time this was considered to be a significant step in letting women do some important social job as prior to that women also organized some fund-raising events, but they were not directly linked to any significant social issues. Therefore, the ability of women to find money for the army was greatly valued at the time because money was needed to ensure that the funding did not stop which contributed to the ultimate victory of the military forces. Women Serving as Nurses Now, it may be logical to turn to another aspect of the contribution of women to the war efforts serving as nurses. In spite of the fact that today female nurses on the battlefield are seen as something ordinary, it was quite a big novelty at the time. Florence Nightingale set an example during the Crimean War which inspired numerous women all over the world. Many women, for example, Dorothea Dix, would become full-time nurses during the war. If one develops a broad perspective on this issue, one will be able to notice that it was indeed a serious step forward since it showed that women can do something more than just their domestic chores on a large scale. Once again, it is worth mentioning that seeing women as nurses were quite unusual at the time; so, the women who volunteered to be nurses were extremely brave. However, it is not only administration of hospitals and taking care of the wounded that women did as nurses. There were numerous examples of nurses that would go the battlefield and help the soldiers under such extremely dangerous conditions. Clara Barton is one of such nurses: she took care of the soldiers not only in the hospital, but also during th? battles; that is why she received an honorary title Angel of the Battlefield. The key point that needs to be emphasized here is that by allowing women on the battlefield, the military acknowledged that women were able to make a significant contribution that was highly valued. According to the laws of the time, women were banned from the military; therefore, their presence on the battlefield as nurses as close as they could get to make a direct contribution to the war effort without violating the applicable laws. Women Serving as Soldiers As it has already been mentioned, the laws of the time prohibited women from serving in the army. However, it is suggested that as many as over 400 women were able to find their way into the military by disguising themselves as men. For modern day people, this might sound somewhat unbelievable; however, after all, aspects have been considered, one might find that this was quite possible. The example of Frances Clayton is quite interesting: she disguised herself as Frances Clalin and served as a soldier. It is quite obvious that at the time the need for soldiers was high; so, the recruiters did not question a person who was willing to volunteer. The important point to note here is that such example as that of Clayton shows that women were dissatisfied with the place that they had in the society and were willing to make a contribution to the war effort as much as men did. It may be rather difficult to estimate the actual number of women who served in the army during the Civil War for a number of reasons. First of all, they directly violated the applicable legislation which meant that neither them, nor the army would actually report that number since it was against the rules. In addition to that, the only war for women to be discovered was when they were examined by the doctors in the hospital after they were wounded. That is why it is quite possible that many women died on the battlefield and were not ever discovered. In addition to that, they might have refrained from going to the hospital because they knew that that would destroy their disguise. All this leads to the understanding that there is evidence that many women were willing to contribute to the war effort as much as men did. Women Serving as Spies Finally, there is one last aspect that needs to be mentioned when it comes to evaluating the contribution of women during the Civil War many of them served as spied. Given all the roles that were mentioned above, namely a war relief worker, a nurse, and a soldier, one might speculate that being a spy is the most extreme role that women were able to play during the war. From the letters of Sarah E. Thompson, we know that she did her best to serve the Union as much as she could. Though she may have simply talked to some soldiers and visited balls, she was actually collecting important information that was later needed by the army. That is why it is possible that womens ability to affect men and maintain interesting conversation appeared to be quite helpful during the war. The important point that needs to be mentioned specifically is that there were female spies on both sides. For example, Rose ONeal served as a spy for the Confederacy and warned her friend in personal correspondence about the importance of sending correct information, which can be used so as to counteract the Yankee accounts. This shows that ONeal understood the basics of information warfare and tried to do her best to spread the truthful information about her friends so that they would get an objective view of the actions of the Confederate army. With this in mind, one might speculate that this woman was way ahead of her time because she understood the role that information played during the war. As a result, one might come to the understanding that women were able to play all kind of roles during the Civil War. Conclusion Having examined all the points that were mentioned in the paragraphs above, one is able to come to the following conclusion: during the Civil, War women assumed a wide variety of roles ranging from stereotypical to most extreme. Thus, women served as war relief workers and performed their domestic duties on a large scale. This was considered to be the most appropriate way for women to make their contribution to the war effort. Some women were brave enough to serve as nurses: they took care of the soldiers on and behind the battlefield. These women were greatly inspired by the example of Florence Nightingale. There also were women who disguised themselves as soldiers and fought with men. The only time their true identity was discovered was when they were wounded and required medical attention. Finally, the evidence shows that there were many women who served as spies. Bibliography Beard, Rick. From Civil War to Civil Rights: The Opportunities of the Civil War. History News 66, no. 3 (2011): 12-18. https://www.jstor.org/stable/42654328. Devine, Shauna. To Make Something Out of the Dying in This War: The Civil War and the Rise of American Medical Science. Journal of the Civil War Era 6, no. 2 (2016): 149-63. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26070401. Madway, Lorraine. Purveying Patriotic Pageantry: The Civil War Sanitary Fairs in New York. New York History 93, no. 4 (2012): 268-301. doi:10.2307/newyorkhist.93.4.268. Marshall, Anne E. A Sisters War: Kentucky Women and Their Civil War Diaries The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 110, no. 3/4 (2012): 481-502. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23388059. ONeal, Rose. Letter to Alexander Boteler. n.d. Accessed April 07, 2018. https://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/scriptorium/greenhow/1863-12-10/1863-12-10.html. Sizer, Lyde Cullen. Mapping the Spaces of Womens Civil War History. Journal of the Civil War Era 1, no. 4 (2011): 536-48. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26070167. Szpila, Kathleen. Lest We Forget: Ellen Ryan Jolly and the Nuns of the Battlefield Monument. American Catholic Studies 123, no. 4 (2012): 23-43. https://www.jstor.org/stable/44195438. Thompson, Sarah E. Sarah Thompsons Account of Morgans Defeat. n.d. Accessed April 07, 2018. https://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/scriptorium/thompson/1864-09-03/1864-09-03.html. Valentine, Hannah. Letter to Michael Valentine from Hannah Valentine. n.d. Accessed April 07, 2018. https://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/scriptorium/campbell/1838-01-30/1838-01-30.html.  Devine, Shauna To Make Something Out of the Dying in This War: The Civil War and the Rise of American Medical Science. Journal of the Civil War Era 6, no. 2 (2016), 149.  Hannah Valentine, Letter to Michael Valentine from Hannah Valentine, n.d., accessed April 07, 2018, https://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/scriptorium/campbell/1838-01-30/1838-01-30.html.  Marshall, Anne E. A Sisters War: Kentucky Women and Their Civil War Diaries The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 110, no. 3/4 (2012), 492.  Szpila, Kathleen. Lest We Forget: Ellen Ryan Jolly and the Nuns of the Battlefield Monument. American Catholic Studies 123, no. 4 (2012), 30.  Sizer, Lyde Cullen Mapping the Spaces of Womens Civil War History. Journal of the Civil War Era 1, no. 4 (2011), 540.  Madway, Lorraine. Purveying Patriotic Pageantry: The Civil War Sanitary Fairs in New York. New York History 93, no. 4 (2012), 275.  Beard, Rick. From Civil War to Civil Rights: The Opportunities of the Civil War. History News 66, no. 3 (2011), 15.  Sarah E. Thompson, Sarah Thompsons Account of Morgans Defeat, n.d., accessed April 07, 2018, https://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/scriptorium/thompson/1864-09-03/1864-09-03.html.  Rose ONeal, Letter to Alexander Boteler, n.d., , accessed April 07, 2018, https://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/scriptorium/greenhow/1863-12-10/1863-12-10.html.
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Biological Criminal Behavior and Angela Yates Ceretha Butler, Angela De Libero, Tameka James, Sam Price, Michael Palazuelos CJA/314 5/20/2013 Professor Judy Mazzucca Biological Criminal Behavior Through-out history criminal intents have escalade from small crime to federal crimes seen in cases today. Research have proven genes influence the outcome of a behavior in a criminal behavior and the type of attach committed to his or her victim. This crimes are taught in the school of crime into five different steps to help during a crime investigation. One of these cases is Andrea Yates, who committed a horrific crime on her family. This paper will explain the changes in history of crime and the procedures done in a crime.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦103). Richard Louis Dugdale (1841-1883) published a study of a family in 1877, they were the Juke family. He followed the Juke family ancestry back to a notorious character named Max, a Dutch immigrant who landed in New York in the early 1700s. Two of MaxÃ¢â¬â¢s sons wed into the notorious Ã¢â¬Å"Juke family of girls,Ã¢â¬ six sisters, all of whom was noted to be illegitimate. MaxÃ¢â¬â¢s male ancestors were alleged to be vicious, and one woman known as Ada had a real bad reputation and had an alias of Ã¢â¬Å"the mother of criminals.Ã¢â¬ At the time of the study, Dugdale was able to identify about 1,200 of AdaÃ¢â¬â¢s ancestors; amongst them were seven murderers, 60 habitual thieves, 90 or more other type criminals, 50 prostitutes, and 280 paupers. This research shows that a penchant for crime could be in the genes (Chapter 4, pp.104). This Enlightenment led to the development of the Classical School. According to Schmalleger (2012), in the late 1700s and early 1800s, Classical Schools were viewed as a criminological perspective that had roots in the Enlightenment and was said that humans are rational beings, that crimes are the result of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s exercise of free will, and punishment is effective in reducing crime because it negates the pleasure to be derived from crime commission (Chapter 3, pg. 59). The school of ClassicalShow MoreRelatedBiological Criminal Behavior1805 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesBiological Criminal Behavior The studies of biological behaviors have shown that criminals with a passion for their crime tend to have a genetic or physiological issue that plays a major part in their criminal activities. Gary Ridgway and John Hinckley Jr. portrayed significant degrees of physiological issues that may have contributed to the crimes they committed. Lack of education, moral support, love, and self-accomplishments may have also provided behaviors out of the norm. Criminal activitiesRead MoreBiological Explanations of Criminal Behavior1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBiological Explanations of Criminal Behavior Nature and nurture contribute to the way a person behaves. This can be applied to the behaviors of criminals. According to Fishbein (1990, pg.37), Ã¢â¬Å"behavior [is] primarily attributed to inherited predispositions and genetic influences.Ã¢â¬ Nurture is the environmental influence that shape human behavior (Fishbein, 1990, pg.37). Human genetics and environmental factors contribute to the uniqueness to a personÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior. However, there are underlyingRead MoreBiological Theories Of Criminal Behavior844 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBiological Theories are vastly growing with fascinating research. The main stump is concretely linking it to criminal behavior, because some theories are more relatable than others. Theories involving temperament and hormones give real life biological explanations, while others like extrovert and introvert behaviors, and neuroticism explain a weaker link to crime. However, all theories are valuable in exploring the root of crime. Temperament can be described as the natural mood disposition determinedRead MoreBiological Criminal Behavior Essay1855 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesBiological Criminal Behavior Jordan Miller, Amy Showers, Sarah Wilson, Myron Reynolds, Cristine Saldate, Aisha Peeples CJA 314 May 14, 2012 Alonzo Medina Biological Criminal Behavior People perceive that crime, primarily violent crimes, such as murder, is the most serious crime society faces in modern times. This has led to efforts by many research groups to attempt to find the cause of such criminal behavior. The focus of such research is biological issues with the belief that a biologicalRead MoreEssay about Biological Criminal Behavior1053 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswithin the behavior of an individual that can be linked to the specific behaviors demonstrated by an offender that would classify them as a psychopath. Along with other research that looks into an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s genetics to see if that plays a role in defining or making a psychopath. John Allen Muhammad, also known as the D.C. sniper, was labeled as a psychopath when he terrorized D.C. for two weeks, taking thirteen victims and killing ten of them. This paper will go over the behaviors that constituteRead MoreThe Biological And Psychological Theories Of Crime And Criminal Behavior1764 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesCrime is adaptation to life stress. It is best understood in terms of the manner in which the individual experiences the biological, psychological and socially determined situations of his existence. (Halleck, 1967, p. 63) The modern police department was born out of urban mob violence that tormented the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s cities during the nineteenth century. The new police departments were replacements for the night-watch systems and relegated constables and sheriffs to serving court orders and running jailsRead MoreEssay about CJA 314 biological criminal behavior1492 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBiological Criminal Behavior CJA/314 Ã¢â¬Æ' Biological Criminal Behavior Andrea Yates had battled with postpartum depression for years and on June 20, 2001, she drowned all five children in the bathtub of her home. Ultimately the underlining cause of her actions was caused by postpartum psychosis that was triggered by AndreaÃ¢â¬â¢s improper use of her medication, failure to adhere to her doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s advice after treatment, and her lack of knowledge of coping techniques commonly used by women who sufferRead MoreEssay Biological Explanations of Criminal Behaviour1357 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmisunderstood phenomenon with no concrete evidence when it comes to human behavior. Throughout time there have been endless amounts of crime theories, few of which revolve around biological explanations. We have Cesare Lombroso and the Positive School who thought that criminals were genetically different from the rest of the general population, that they were biologically aggressive, had criminal traits and/or born as criminals. There is also William SheldonÃ¢â¬â ¢s theory of body types, called the somatotypeRead MoreThe Rational Choice and Biological Trait Theories Essay1748 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCriminals have been committing crimes for centuries, and they are always fooling the police detectives and federal agencies sometimes. If the justice departments would actually look at the persons thought processes and reasoning before a crime is committed, the justice departments will be able to answer the reason for the crime. The different departments could possibly figure out why the criminal did what they did in the first. For instance, they should use a couple of criminology theories to helpRead MoreWhy People Commit Crime Is Not An Easy Task1105 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfor criminal behavior and the factors that flow with them. Criminologists have developed many theories or perspectives of crime. The perspectives recognize the cause of crime by the related qualifies of criminals and populations with high crime rates. Two perspectives of crime s tood out from the wide variety, biological and psychological. In some cases biological and psychological explanations of crime run hand in hand, however the two perspectives focus on very different products of criminal behavior